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The Facts about Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)
or Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)


How common are STI's?

  • About 19 million new cases occur each year
  • 15- to 24-year-olds account for half of these cases [i]
  • Genital human papilloma virus (also called HPV) [ii], trichomoniasis [iii] and chlamydia [iv] are common STI's
  • 1 in 6 Americans ages 14 to 49 have genital herpes; most individuals have only minimal or no signs or symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2 infection. [v]
  • The Centers for Disease Control estimate that more than one million people are living with HIV in the United States. Approximately 1 in 5 (21%) of those people living with HIV are unaware of their infection. [vi]
The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STD's), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are abstaining from sexual activity or being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infections because STD's are often asymptomatic or unrecognized. [xiii]
 

How effective are condoms?

  • Even with 100% Condom Use, STD/STI Risk is Not Totally Eliminated.
    Condoms are not as effective at preventing the spread of STI's as most people may think. Using a condom during sex can sometimes reduce the risk for transmitting or contracting certain STI's, but using a condom never eliminates the risk entirely.
  • Consistent condom use 100% of the time during vaginal sex reduces your risk for:
    • HIV by 85% [vii]
    • Gonorrhea by about 50% [viii]
    • Chlamydia by about 50% [ix]
    • Herpes by about 50% [x]
    • Syphilis by about 50% [xi]
    • HPV by 70% or less [xii]
  • Important note: Few studies have been done to see whether condoms reduce the risk of STI's, including HIV, during oral sex or anal sex.
The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STD's), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are abstaining from sexual activity or being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infections because STD's are often asymptomatic or unrecognized. [xiii]
 

Who should be tested?

  • Sexually active people (vaginal, oral or anal sex) under 25 years old at least once a year
  • Anyone who has had a new sex partner within the past 6 months
  • Partners of infected people
  • Intravenous (IV) drug users
Should you be tested? Visit The STD Wizard to find out!

For free STD testing in our area please call for an appointment:
Pregnancy Choices, Apple Valley 952-997-2229

The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STD's), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are abstaining from sexual activity or being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infections because STD's are often asymptomatic or unrecognized. [xiii]


References:
[i] http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats08/surv2008-Complete.pdf
[ii] http://www.cdc.gov/std/HPV/STDFact-HPV.htm
[iii] http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm
[iv] http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-Chlamydia.htm
[v] http://www.cdc.gov/std/Herpes/STDFact-Herpes.htm
[vi] http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/us.htm
[vii] http://www.medinstitute.org/public/106.cfm
[viii] http://www.medinstitute.org/public/102.cfm
[ix] http://www.medinstitute.org/public/101.cfm
[x] http://www.medinstitute.org/public/103.cfm
[xi] http://www.medinstitute.org/public/108.cfm
[xii] http://www.medinstitute.org/public/107.cfm
[xiii] http://www.cdc.gov/condomeffectiveness/latex.htm


Disclaimer: This site, and all information contained herein, is designed to be an informational tool only. It is not intended to provide medical advice or replace care from a qualified medical practitioner.
 
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